North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
Head Chair | Gloria Cheung
Vice-Chairs | Trent Gomberg, Sabina Nong
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is the world’s largest and most powerful political and military alliance, the combined military spending of its members constitutes over 70% of the world's defense spending. It was originally formed in 1949 to combat Communism, and was rivaled by the Warsaw Pact - a military alliance created by the USSR. Since the fall of the Soviet Union, the NATO has adapted a key role in peacekeeping, humanitarian and security missions all over the world. NATO has played pivotal roles in multiple environments, sending training forces to Iraq, stabilizing Afghanistan, assisting in counter-piracy operations, and enforcing a no-fly zone in Libya in 2011. As countries increasingly shirk from the idea of unilateral interventions and demonstrate an acute refusal to take the lead in world affairs, NATO represents a guiding light in an increasingly dark and destabilized world. Delegates will have a chance to engage with political and military affairs at the forefront of the world's battlefield.
Topic 1 | Post-Intervention Stability in Libya
+ More Information
From the International Security Assistance Force in 2001 to the Resolute Support Mission in 2015, NATO’s recent operations history has brought to attention the dire need for an integrated military strategy that goes beyond the immediacy of intervention. In particular, the failure of the 2011 No-Fly Zone in ensuring long term stability in Libya has been attributed to the lack of a long term plan made by NATO powers after the ouster of Muammar Gaddafi. With instability in nearby Syria threatening to spillover, Libya's fractured political landscape, with power divided between the hands of three different governments, might finally crack. It is time for NATO to step up to the problem it created and begin reexamining its choice to keep out of the current Libyan crisis.
Topic 2 | Unrest in the East: Security in the Black Sea and Baltic Region
+ More Information
Since the annexation of Crimea in 2014, frictions between NATO and Russia have been constantly escalating. The amount of air, navy, and land forces deployed by both side in the Baltic regions and Black Sea have doubled, tripled, and are looking to quadruple. The result is an inadvertent security dilemma in what NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg calls the “biggest reinforcement of collective defense [by NATO] since the Cold War.” Tensions between Russia and NATO are at an all time high, and unless something is done, NATO may no longer be a peacetime alliance.