African Union (AU)
Head Chair | Itago Kangashi
Vice-Chairs | Zoe Brouns, Joseph Shin
The African Union is a continental union consisting the 54 African countries established with an aim to achieve greater unity and solidarity, to defend the sovereignty of member states, and to accelerate the political and social-economic integration of the continent. The AU was established on 26 May 2001 in Addis Ababa and launched on 9 July 2002 in South Africa, with the aim of replacing the Organisation of African Unity (OAU). The most important decisions of the AU (economic, security crises, military interventions, etc) are made by the Assembly of the African Union, a semi-annual meeting of the heads of state and government of its member states. The AU’s secretariat, the African Union Commission, is based in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Topic 1 | Volatile Political Systems: The Role of the AU in Establishing Democracies
+ More Information
What role does the African Union play in ensuring better, if not smoother transitions in secessionist countries like Sudan and South Sudan? This topic will delve into the intricacies and complications that come with reconciliation, rehabilitation, and establishing democracies as well as the role of other international organizations (the ICC) in supporting the AU’s aim of sustaining peace. In this topic we will consider the causes of crises on the continent and how these crises have led to political and social instability. Furthermore, I envision the committee coming up with a pan-African solution that can be replicated to help failing states across the continent, and focus on building solid political structures in nations where there is little to no rule of law. This topic is also important since we will deliberate and question the role and implications of international actors on the continent, specifically that of the ICC in promoting justice for people.
Topic 2 | The State of Agriculture and Food Security
+ More Information
Africa will have a population of two billion people by 2050, the majority women and youth. This prediction alone summarise the scale of our agricultural challenges: to feed Africans and to create wealth for them, and to conserve resources for future generations. An overview of Africa’s agricultural industry shows technological and logistical factors that contribute to its slow sectoral growth in comparison to other continents. Food security is a pressing issue for the continent because of the sheer number of chronically hungry and/or malnourished populations. Until recently, there lacked long-term solutions to this problem, as most of the previous efforts were focused on short-term emergency aid and relief programs by Multinational Organizations. The AU enacted the Comprehensive African Agricultural Development Program (CAADP) in 2003 but individual country progress on implementation is wanting. This topic is important since as Africa targets to increase GDP growth, agriculture is predicted to the main avenue through which majority of its population will be lifted out of poverty. How can the AU promote rapid growth of agriculture to not only improve individual countries’ welfares, but to also ensure that the voice of the small scale farmer who is primarily the woman, is heard?