Historical UN Security Council (HSC)
Head Chair | Pranay Patil
Vice-Chairs | Michael Pollack, Sachit Shroff
The Historical Security Council (HSC) is exactly what you think it is; it is a reimagining of the Security Council (SC) at a certain point in history where delegates will discuss and hash out solutions to the most pressing issues of the time. The SC is tasked with “the maintenance of international peace and security” and as such the topics discussed can range anywhere from invasions to terrorism to establishing new governments. And although the actual SC of the time already issued resolutions of the topics that we will discuss this coming year, the delegates will not be bound to these past solutions. The goal of committee will be to learn about the politics and security concerns of a different time period and how they would have acted in comparison to their predecessors to ensure peace in the world. This year the time period we will be discussing will be the early 1990s.
Topic 1 | Gulf War
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Our first topic will be the Iraqi invasion and attempted annexation of Kuwait. On August 2, 1990, Saddam Hussein led an Iraqi invasion of Kuwait that lasted for two days and ended in Hussein declaring Kuwait as the 19th province of Iraq. This ultimately resulted in a United States-led coalition against Iraq, which has come to be known as the Gulf War. The aftermaths of this situation led to mandatory arms inspections of Iraq along with many other sanctions imposed against the country. Hussein’s response to these sanctions helped to play a role in the 2003 United States invasion of Iraq and continues to indirectly affect us today. We will go back in history to allow to you, the delegate, to learn about the events leading up to the invasion and see what other responses, if any, could have potentially been taken against Iraq.
Topic 2 | Khmer Rouge
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Our second topic will be a discussion of the Cambodian government. In the late 1970s, the Khmer Rouge, a Communist party formed in 1968 as an offshoot of the Communist party found in North Vietnam and led by Pol Pot, came to power and carried out the Cambodian genocide, which resulted in the death of up to three million people. The Vietnamese were finally able to drive the Khmer Rouge from power in 1979, but themselves refused to leave Cambodia throughout the 1980s. The SC finally discussed a peace process and issued a resolution in 1990. We will attempt to recreate these talks with the goal of helping you to understand what specifically took place in Cambodia throughout the 1970s and 1980s and what is the best way to help a country move forward following an extended period of genocide and occupation.