Position Papers are due on February 5th to be considered for the Best Position Paper Award, and February 12th to be considered for any committee award. Submit them to UNESCO@bmun.org.
UN Educational, Scientific, and cultural organization (UNESCO)
Head Chair | Henry Dong
Vice-Chairs | Octavio Garcia Farfan, Habiiba Malingha, Annalise Fox
Topic 1 | Food Security and Agricultural Sustainability
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This topic will focus on current agricultural challenges in feeding an increasing world population. Today, 1 in 9 people worldwide are malnourished, according to the UN, and the regions where hunger is most concentrated also happen to be the regions that are experiencing the highest population growth rate. With this topic, we will address three primary points: 1) current hunger: approximately 1.2 billion people live in abject poverty and do not receive enough to eat; 2) future generations: expected increases in agricultural demand associated with population growth, urbanization, population growth, and rising per capita incomes will require continued increases in agricultural production, although evidence suggests that growth is slowing in important agricultural regions; and 3) agricultural sustainability: environmental problems associated with unsustainable agriculture and climate change could threaten agricultural productivity, arable land, and necessary ecosystem services. A combination of both advances in sciences and improvements in policy is necessary in order to address these concerns.
Topic 2 | Overcoming Barriers to Education
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This topic deals with some of the current barriers that are preventing equal and universal education. There are three main categories covered: 1) social barriers that include racial and gender biases, as well as discrimination against those with disabilities; 2) physical barriers like unsafe or incompatible environments, accessibility, lack of funding and resources, and poverty; and 3) barriers due to instability or conflict, especially in violence/conflict afflicted regions or nations without a strong infrastructure. Inadequacies and inequalities in the education system are most common in regions with sustained poverty. The topic will primarily take a human rights based approach and also discuss some of the possible changes to make at local, national, and international levels in order to improve education plans and systems and ensure education for all.